30 Mart 2012 Cuma


www.turkofoni.org tarafından hazırlandı.




29 Mart 2012 Perşembe


www.turkofoni.org tarafından hazırlandı.


Poster örnekleri ve ölçüleri için link:

Poster hazırlamak için kullanılabilecek sınırlı ücretsiz program:

Poster hazırlamak için özel bir programa ve geniş teknik bilgiye ihtiyaç yoktur. Bilgisayarınızdaki her türlü temel kaynak "Word","Powerpoint", "Google docs", veya her şeyin ücretsiz ve mükemmel olduğu "Openoffice Draw" veya "Openoffice presentation" size yardımcı olabilir.

İyi hazırlanmış bir içerik en önemli unsur. Bir de göze hitap.


www.turkofoni.org tarafından hazırlandı.





25 Mart 2012 Pazar


www.turkofoni.org tarafından hazırlandı.


Poster Presentations
On this page, the UW-Madison Writing Center Writer's Handbook will help you construct a poster presentation based on your research project, and offer answers questions such as:
Plus, we offer sample posters from a number of disciplines.


What is a poster presentation?

A poster presentation advertises your project. It combines text and graphics to present your project in a way that is visually interesting and accessible. It allows you to display your work to a large group of other scholars and to talk to and receive feedback from interested viewers.
Poster sessions have been very common in the hard sciences for some time, and they have recently become more popular as forums for the presentation of research in other disciplines like the social sciences, service learning, and the humanities.
Poster presentation formats differ from discipline to discipline, but in every case, a poster should clearly articulate what you did, how you did it, why you did it, and what it contributes to your field and the larger field of human knowledge. 
What goals should I keep in mind as I construct my poster?
1. Clarity of content. You will need to decide on a small number of key points that you want your viewers to take away from your presentation, and you will need to articulate those ideas clearly and concisely.
2. Visual interest and accessibility. You want viewers to notice and take interest in your poster so that they will pause to learn more about your project, and you will need the poster’s design to present your research in a way that is easy for those viewers to make easy sense of it.

Who is the audience for my poster?

In general, your audience members will fall into one of two groups:
Scholars and students from your general area:
These people will be familiar with the basic concepts you’re working with, field-specific terminology, and the main debates facing your field and informing your research. However, don’t assume that they are familiar with all of the technical details you address in your project; remember that even within a specific field of study, there are lots of sub-fields.
This audience will probably be most interested in clear, specific accounts of the what and the how of your project.
Scholars, students, and community members who are not familiar with your area of study:
These people may have a very basic understanding of your field, but they probably won’t be familiar with terms or with the specific debates that are current in your field. They’ll especially need you to avoid over-technical terms and jargon.
This audience will be less interested in specific details and more interested in the what and why of your project—that is, your broader motivations for the project and its impact on their own lives.
This audience gives you an opportunity to teach them about the interesting information you’ve been learning and to convince them that the kind of work you are doing can—eventually, perhaps—change the world!
As you can see, different audience members will be looking for different kinds of information on your poster. It’s your job to balance their needs, providing enough specific information to satisfy people from your general area while also providing enough general information to interest those outside of it.
There are a number of strategies for striking this balance. You might consider shooting for a middle ground, where you assume that viewers will know some of the more familiar terms of your discipline, but not some of the terms that are more specific to your project’s sub-area. Or you might target non-specialists as the main audience of your poster, but make a supplementary handout with more discipline-specific details for viewers more familiar with the kind of work you are doing. Talk with a professor about how to balance the needs of these two audiences.

How much information can I include on my poster?

Probably less than you would like! One of the biggest pitfalls of poster presentations is filling your poster with so much text that it overwhelms your viewers and makes it difficult for them to tell which points are the most important. Viewers should be able to skim the poster from several feet away and easily make out the most significant points.
The point of a poster is not to list every single detail of your project. The purpose of a poster is to make people see the value of your research project. To do this, you will need to determine what you want your take-home message to be. What is the single most important thiong you want your audience to understand, believe, accept, or do after they see your poster?
Once you have an idea about what that take-home message is, you will need to support it by adding some details about what you did as part of your research, how you did it, why you did it, and what it contributes to your field and the larger field of human knowledge.

What kind of information should I include about what I did in my project?

This is the raw material of your research: a succinct statement of your project’s main argument (what you are trying to prove), and the evidence that supports that argument.
In the hard sciences, the what of a project is often divided into its hypothesis and its data or results. In other disciplines, the what is made up of a claim or thesis statement and the evidence used to back it up.
Remember that your viewers won’t be able to process too much detailed evidence; it’s your job to narrow down this evidence so that you’re providing the big picture. Choose a few key pieces of evidence that most clearly illustrate your take-home message. Often a chart, graph, table, photo, or other figure can help you distill this information and communicate it quickly and easily.

What kind of information should I include about how I did it?

Include information about the process you followed as you conducted your project.
In the hard sciences and sometimes in the social sciences, this information is often presented in a section titled methods. Humanities projects do not always have a labeled methods section, but they still must provide an account of how the project progressed from an idea to a carefully constructed argument.
Again, your viewers will not have time to wade through too many technical details, so only your general approach is needed. Interested viewers can ask you for details.

What kind of information should I include about why I did it?
Give your audience an idea about your motivation for this project. What real-world problems or questions prompted you to undertake this project? What field-specific issues or debates influenced your thinking? What information is essential for your audience to be able to understand your project and its significance?

In some disciplines, this information appears in the background or rationale section of a paper.

What kind of information should I include about my project's contribution to larger scholarship?
Help your audience to see what your project means for you and for them. How do your findings impact scholars in your field and members of the broader intellectual community?

In the hard sciences and sometimes in the social sciences, this information appears in the discussion section of a paper.

What should I say if I'm not finished with my project?
Scholars often present their work before their projects are complete. Especially if you are working on a project for a class you are taking this semester, you may not have your final results or final product by mid-April when the Symposium will take place. If that is the case, you have several options for constructing your presentation:

  1. If you have any preliminary results, use them as examples of the kind of results you hope to obtain. Discuss the significance of these results. Do they suggest that more work is necessary? Do they suggest that the final results will be particularly promising or revolutionary? Do they suggest that you need to revise your approach? Do they suggest that the field as a whole needs to revise its ideas on the subject?
  2. If you don't have any preliminary results, you can focus on projected results: what do you think you might find when your results are complete? Why do you expect this? What significance would such results have?

  3. In any case, whether you have complete, partial, or only projected results, keep in mind that your explanation of those results--their significance--is more important than the raw results themselves.

How will the writing style on my poster be different from the writing style in my research paper?

In general, you will need to simplify your wording. Long, complex sentences are difficult for viewers to absorb and may overwhelm them so much that they give up and move on to the next poster. Writing for posters must be concise, precise, and straightforward. And it must avoid jargon (the use of big words or field-specific terms in order to make your writing sound “smarter”).
Here is an example:
Wording in a paper:
This project sought to establish the ideal specifications for clinically useful wheelchair pressure mapping systems, and to use these specifications to influence the design of an innovative wheelchair pressure mapping system.
Wording on a poster:
Aims of study:
• Define the ideal wheelchair pressure mapping system
• Design a new system to meet these specifications

After I have decided what to include, how do I design my poster?

The effectiveness of your poster depends on how quickly and easily your audience can read and interpret it, so it is very important for you to make your poster visually striking. You only have a few seconds to grab attention as people wander past your poster; make the most of those seconds!

How should I lay out my poster?

In general, people expect information to flow right-to-left and top-to-bottom. Viewers are best able to absorb information from a poster with several columns that progress from right to left.
Even within these columns, however, there are certain places where viewers’ eyes naturally fall first and where they expect to find information.
Imagine your poster with an upside-down triangle centered from the top to the bottom. It is in this general area that people tend to look first and is often used for the title, results, and conclusions. Secondary and supporting information tend to fall to the sides, with the lower right having the more minor information such as acknowledgements, references, and personal contact information.

How much space should I devote to each section?

This will depend, of course, on the specifics of your project. In general, though, remember that how much space you devote to each idea suggests how important that section is. Make sure that you allot the most space to your most important points.

How much white space should I leave on my poster?

White space is helpful to your viewers; it delineates different sections, leads the eye from one point to the next, and keeps the poster from being visually overwhelming. In general, leave 10-30% of your poster as white space.

Should I use graphics?

Absolutely! Visual aids are one of the most effective ways to make your poster visually striking, and they are often a great way to communicate complex information straightforwardly and succinctly.
If your project deals with lots of empirical data, your best bet will be a chart, graph, or table summarizing that data and illustrating how that data confirms your hypothesis.
If you don’t have empirical data, you have other options for visual aids. You may be able to incorporate photographs, illustrations, annotations, and so on in order to pique your viewers’ interest, communicate your motivation, demonstrate why some aspect of your project is particularly interesting or unique.
Of course, don’t incorporate visual aids just for the sake of having a pretty picture on your poster! Make sure your visual aids contribute to your overall message; they should convey some piece of information that your viewers wouldn’t otherwise get just from reading your poster’s text.

How can I make sure that my poster is easy to read?

There are a number of tricks you can use to aid readability and emphasize crucial ideas:
In general:
• Use a large font. Don’t make the text smaller in order to fit more onto the poster. Instead, make sure that 95% of the text on your poster can be read from 4 feet away. If viewers can’t make out the text from a distance, they’re likely to walk on past your poster without reading it at all.
• Choose a sans-serif font like Helvetica or Verdana, not a serif font, like Times New Roman (and don't use a monospace font like Courier, where every letter has the same width). For large print like the print on a poster, sans-serif fonts are easier to read because they don't have extraneous hooks on every letter. Here is an example of the difference between sans-serif and serif fonts: 

• Once you have chosen a font, keep it consistent. Don’t single space your text. Use 1.5- or double-spacing to make the text easier for your viewers to read.
For main points:
• Use bold, italicized, or colored fonts, or enclose text in boxes. Save this kind of emphasis for only a few key words, phrases, or sentences. Too much emphasized text makes it harder, not easier, to locate important points.
• Make your main points easy to find by setting them off with bullets or numbers.

How exactly do I “present” my poster presentation?

It is important to remember that when you are standing in front of your poster, you—and what you choose to say—are as important as the actual poster. You will need to be ready to talk about your project, answer viewers’ questions, provide additional details about your project, and so on.

How should I prepare for my presentation?

Once your poster is finished, you should re-familiarize yourself with the larger project you’re presenting. Remind yourself about those details you ended up having to leave out of the poster, so that you will be able to bring them up in discussions with viewers. Then, practice, practice, practice!
Show your poster to friends, classmates, and your professor before the actual day of the presentation to get a feel for how viewers might respond. Prepare a four- to five-minute overview of the project, where you walk these pre-viewers through the poster, drawing their attention to the most critical points and filling in interesting details as needed. Make note of the kinds of questions these pre-viewers have, and make sure you are ready to answer those questions. You might even consider making a supplemental handout that provides additional information or answers predictable questions.

How long should I let audience members look at the poster before engaging them in discussion?

Don’t feel as if you have to start talking to viewers the minute they stop in front of your poster. Give them a few moments to read and process the information.
Once the viewers have had time to familiarize themselves, offer to guide them through the poster. Say something like “Hello. Thanks for stopping to view my poster. Would you like a guided tour of my project?” This kind of greeting often works better than simply asking “Do you have any questions?” because after only a few moments, viewers might not have had time to come up with questions, even though they are interested in hearing more about your project.

Should I read from my poster?

No! Make sure you are familiar enough with your poster that you can talk about it without looking at it. Use the poster as a visual aid, pointing to it when you need to draw viewers’ attention to a chart, photograph, or particularly interesting point.


www.turkofoni.org tarafından hazırlandı.


Right, you are to present your research work as posters. What do you do? Panic? What the hell are posters? Surely you have posters of the Spice Girls orTake That (depending on your inclination of course)!. No, those are not the kind of posters we are referring to although the purpose is similar. We are concerned with the use of posters to present technical information, not images.
A poster is simply a static, visual medium (usually of the paper and board variety) that you use to communicate ideas and messages. The difference between poster and oral presentations is that you should let your poster do most of the 'talking'; that is, the material presented should convey the essence of your message. However, that does not mean that you can disappear to the pub or where ever you fancy. You have to 'stand-by-your-poster'! Your task as the presenter is to answer questions and provide further details; to bask in praises or suffer difficult questions; and to convince others that what you have done is excellent and worthwhile.
Easy or what? But wait ... first, stop and think!
The purpose of poster presentations is not to have boards upon boards of information. Better to hand out a report in that case. If you are presenting your poster at a conference or convention, you would have limited space. The space you are allowed will determine the content of the poster. Find out how much space you are allowed!
Is there a standard format?
Yes, there is! As with an oral presentation, there is normally:
  • Title page, telling others the title of the project, the people involved in the work and their affiliation.
  • Summary of the project stating what you have set out to do, how you have done it, the key findings and the main results.
  • an Introduction that should include clear statements about the problem that you are trying to solve, the characteristics that you are trying to discover or the proofs that you are trying to establish. These should then lead to declarations of project aims and objectives.
  • Theory or Methodology section that explains the basis of the technique that you are using or the procedure that you have adopted in your study. You should also state and justify any assumptions, so that your results could be viewed in the proper context.
  • Results section that you use to show illustrative examples of the main results of the work..
  • Conclusion section, listing the main findings of your investigation, and
  • Further Work section that should contain your recommendations and thoughts about how the work could be progressed; other tests that could be applied, etc.
You therefore have to present certain pieces of information but have limited space. So, before you rush away to put pen to paper or fingers to keyboard, spend a few moments or even hours to plan your presentation. This is very important. Unlike oral presentations, where some ultra-smooth talkers may be able to divert attention from a poorly planned presentation, with posters, poor planning is there for all to see.
Planning is crucial if you do not want to be afflicted by the 'headless chicken' syndrome. There are several stages in planning a presentation.
Gathering the information
First, ask yourself the following questions.
  • What is the objective of the investigation?
  • Has someone done the work before?
  • How have I gone about with the study?
  • Why did I follow this particular route of investigation?
  • What are the principles governing the technique that I am using?
  • What assumptions did I make and what were my justifications?
  • What problems did I encounter?
  • What results did I obtain?
  • Have I solved the problem?
  • What have I found out?
  • Are the analyses sound?
Although the above list is by no means exhaustive, you should get the gist. You have to stand back and think again about theWhat's, the How's and the Why's of the work that you have done. You have to examine critically, the approach that you have taken and the results that you have got. Be ruthless in your assessment: better to be a masochist than the victim of a sadist .
Ideally, you should have done this throughout your project anyway. In doing so, you will have a clearer idea of the objectives and the contributions that you have, or have not, been able to make. This means that you will know better, the information you have at your disposal for presentation.
Such brainstorming often yields loads of responses. Jot your answers on a BIG piece of paper, not necessarily in an ordered fashion. The intention is to note as many points as possible, so that you do not miss any important aspects. The ordering and pruning of the information come later. From your list, note the common areas, topics or pieces of information, and group them together. Use colour or number coding, or circles and lines to help you identify and categorise the information. This activity should help you focus further on the content you can use with confidence.
Deciding on the content
If you follow the above presentation format guidelines, then the content is more or less determined for you. However, given that you have limited space, you now have to decide between what is important and what is not necessary. Your decision should be based on at least 2 factors, namely:
  • What are you trying to achieve by presenting the posters?Is it to sell a product? Is it to tell people what you have done? Is it to tell people of a new discovery? Is it to convince people that one product or technique is better than another?
  • Who will be attending the presentation? Are they technical people? What is the level of their knowledge of your subject area?
The answers to these questions define the type of content to include and set the tone of the presentation.
An advertising billboard is a poster. If well designed, it will be attractive and engender a lasting impression; earnest but not boring. Importantly, it should shout out to you - "buy me!" or you would think "I want that!" Similarly, in using posters to convey technical information, they should be designed such that readers think "Yes!" or "I see!" and leave with the impression that they have learnt something new.
Ultimately, poster design is a personal matter and different individuals will have different views on how best to present certain information. Nevertheless, here are some 'rules-of-tham' ™  to guide you:
  1. Plan, plan and plan!
  2. Keep the material simple
    • make full use of the space, but do not cramp a page full of information as the result can often appear messy
    • be concise and do not waffle. Use only pertinent information to convey your message
    • be selective when showing results. Present only those that illustrate the main findings of the project. However, do keep other results handy so that you may refer to them when asked
  3. Use colours sparingly and with taste
    • colours should be used only to emphasisedifferentiate and to add interest. Do not use colours just to impress!
    • try to avoid using large swathes of bright garish colours like bright green, pink, orange or lilac. Yuck!!
    • pastel shades convey feelings of serenity and calm while dark bright colours conjure images of conflict and disharmony.
    • choose background and foreground colour combinations that have high contrast and complement each other - black or dark blue on white or very light grey is good.
    • it is better to keep the background light as people are used to it (for example newspapers and books)
    • if you insist on having a dark background, use coloured paper so that you would not have to spray white paper with ink. Not only is this cheaper, you would also not face the problem of a soaked and distorted page.
    • avoid the use of gradient fills. They may look great on a computer display, but unless you have access to a high resolution printer, the paper version can look really tatty.
  4. Do not use more than 2 font types
    • too many font types distracts, especially when they appear on the same sentence
    • fonts that are easy on the eyes are Times-Roman and Arial.

      This is Times-Roman

      This is Arial
  5. Titles and headings should appear larger than other text, but not too large. The text should also be legible from a distance, say from 1.5m to 2m.
  6. Do not use all UPPER CASE type in your posters. It can make the material difficult to read. Just compare the two sentences below:


    What do you think of this line, where only the first character of the first word is in upper case?
  7. Do not use a different font type to highlight important points
    • otherwise the fluency and flow of your sentence can appear disrupted. For example,

      In this sentence, I want to emphasise the word 'emphasise'.

      In this sentence, I want to emphasise the word 'emphasise'.
    • use underlined text, the bold face or italics or combinations to emphasise words and phrases.
    • if you use bold italicised print for emphasis, then underlining is not necessary - overkill!
  8. Equations
    • should be kept to a minimum
    • present only the necessary and important equations
    • should be large enough (see point 5)
    • should be accompanied by nomenclature to explain the significance of each variable
  9. A picture is worth a thousand words … (but only if it is drawn properly and used appropriately)
    • graphs
      • choose graphs types that are appropriate to the information that you want to display
      • annotations should be large enough, and the lines of line-graphs should be thick enough so that they may be viewed from a distance (see point 5)
      • do not attempt to have more than six line-graphs on a single plot
      • instead of using lines of different thickness, use contrastingcoloured lines or different line styles to distinguish between different lines in multi-line graphs.
      • multi-line plots or plots with more than one variable should have a legend relating the plotted variable to the colour or style of the line.
    • diagrams and drawings,
      • should be labelled
      • drawings and labels should be large and clear enough so that they are still legible from a distance
      • do not try to cramp labelling to fit into components of a drawing or diagram. Use 'arrows' and 'callouts'
    • clipart
      • should only be used if they add interest to the display andcomplement the subject matter. Otherwise, all they do is to distract attention from the focus of the presentation.
      • can also be 'dangerous' as you may spend more time fiddling about with images and choosing appropriate cartoons than concentrating on the content.
  10. Check your spelling
    • there is nothing more amusing or annoying than spelling mistakes on public display, especially if they are on the title page.
    • spelling mistakes give the impression that you have not put in the effort; careless; not bothered; not worthy of high assessment scores.
  11. Maintain a consistent style
    • inconsistent styles give the impression of disharmony and can interrupt the fluency and flow of your messages.
    • headings on the different pages of the poster should appear in the same position on all pages.
    • graphs should be of the same size and scale especially if they are to be compared.
    • if bold lettering is used for emphasis on one page, then do not use italics on others.
    • captions for graphs, drawings and tables should either be positioned at the top or at the bottom of the figure.
  12. Arrangement of poster components should appear smooth
    • you would probably be preparing sections of the poster on A4 sized paper before sticking them onto mounting boards or display stands.
    • remember that you are using posters to tell a story about what you have done and achieved. As in report writing, the way you arrange the sections should follow the 'storyline'.
    • sometimes it is helpful if you provide cutouts of arrows to direct attention to the sequence of the presentation
    • use a new page to start off a new section (see format)
  13. Review, review and review
    • make draft versions of your poster sections and check them for
    • try different layout arrangements
    • ask your partner, friends, colleagues or supervisor for their 'honest' opinions
    • be critical


www.turkofoni.org tarafından hazırlandı.


BIO 801
Scientific Literature and Writing
Poster Presentations

Examples of Posters:

General format:
  • Determine the one essential concept you would like to get across to the audience.
  • Determine the size of the poster. Common dimensions for posters are 42 x 42 inches, 42 x 48 inches, or 42 x 52 inches.

   Preparing a poster will take as much time as you let it. Allocate your time wisely. If you have little experience making posters, it will take longer. 

A good way to start: Sketch it out!
Make a sketch of the poster. Arrange the contents in a series of 3, 4, or 5 columns. This will facilitate the flow of traffic past the poster.

Source: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/research/labs/ktosney/file/PostersHome.html

Place the elements of the poster in position:
  • The title will appear across the top.
  • A brief introduction will appear at the upper left.
  • The conclusions will appear at the lower right.
  • Methods and Results will fill the remaining space.

The Title
This part of the poster includes the title of the work, the authors names, & the institutional affiliations. Think BIG!
  • The title should be readable from 15 - 20 feet away.
  • If space permits, use first names for authors to facilitate interactions.
  • Middle initials and titles are seldom necessary.
  • Use abbreviations where possible.

Sequencing contents
A poster should use photos, figures, and tables to tell the story of the study. For clarity, present the information in a sequence that is easy to follow:
  • Determine a logical sequence for the material you will be presenting.
  • Organize that material into sections, e.g., Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, &, if necessary, Literature Cited. (Avoid using too many citations. If only a few are used, a literature cited section is unnecessary. Instead, cite as follows in the text:  Clinton, B. 1993. Auk 107:234-246.).
  • You may wish to use numbers to help sequence sections of the poster.
  • Arrange the material into columns.
  • The poster should not rely upon your verbal explanation to link together the various portions.

Source: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/research/labs/ktosney/file/PostersHome.html

Edit Ruthlessly!
There is almost always too much text in a poster.

   1. Posters primarily are visual presentations; the text should support the graphics.

Source: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/research/labs/ktosney/file/PostersHome.html

   2. Look critically at the layout. Some poster 'experts' suggest that if there is about 20-25% text, 40-45% graphics and 30-40% empty space, you are doing well.

   3. Use active voice when writing the text.
   4. Delete all redundant references and filler phrases (such as see Figure 1).
   5. An abstract may not be necessary. If you've kept the amount of text on your poster to a minimum, an abstract is likely redundant.
   The poster is not a publication of record, so excessive detail about methods, or vast tables of data are not necessary. Such material can be discussed with interested persons individually during or after the session, or presented in a handout.
   The success of a poster directly relates to the clarity of the illustrations and tables.
  • Self-explanatory graphics should dominate the poster.
  • A minimal amount of text should supplement the graphic materials.
  • Use empty space between poster elements to differentiate and accentuate these elements.
  • Graphic materials should be visible easily from a minimum distance of 6 feet.
  • Restrained use of 2 - 3 colors for emphasis is valuable; overuse is not.

Source: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/research/labs/ktosney/file/PostersHome.html

Show no mercy when editing visual materials!
  • Use short sentences, simple words, and bullets to illustrate discrete points.
  • Remove all non-essential information from graphs and tables.
  • If possible, label data lines in graphs directly, using large type & color.
  • Lines in illustrations should be larger than normal. Use contrast and colors for emphasis.
  • Use colors to distinguish different data groups in graphs. Avoid using patterns or open bars in histograms.
  • Colored transparency overlays can be useful for comparing/contrasting graphic results.

Poster text
Double-space all text, using left-justification; text with even left sides and jagged right sides is easiest to read. The text should be large enough to be read easily from at least 6 feet away.

Source: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/research/labs/ktosney/file/PostersHome.html

For section headings (e.g., Introduction), use bold, maybe a font size of about 36-42. For supporting text (e.g., text within each section & figure captions), use font sizes of about 24-28 (bold, if appropriate). In general, use font sizes proportional to importance:
  • largest font size- Title
  • next largest font size - Section headings
  • medium font size - Supporting material
  • smallest font size - Details

Source: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/research/labs/ktosney/file/PostersHome.html

Keep in mind that san serif fonts (having characters without curliques or other embellishments) are easiest to read. Finally, be consistent. Choose one font and then use it throughout the poster. Add emphasis by using boldface, underlining, or color; italics are difficult to read.                                             .
The Poster's Background
The choice of a background color is up to you. However, softer colors (pastels & greys) may work best as a background - they are easiest to view for hours at a time, and offer the best contrast for text, graphic, and photographic elements.  

Use a colored background to unify your poster:
   1. Muted colors, or shades of gray, are best for the background. Use more intense colors as borders or for emphasis, but be conservative - overuse of color is distracting.
   2. Two to three related background colors (Methods, Results, & Discussion) will unify the poster.
   3. If necessary for emphasis, add a single additional color by mounting the figure on thinner poster board, or outlining the figure in colored tape.
 Color can enhance the hues or contrast of photographs:
   1. Use a light background with darker photos; a dark background with lighter photos.
   2. Use a neutral background (gray) to emphasize color in photos; a white background to reduce the impact of colored photos.
   3. Most poster sessions are held in halls lit with harsh fluorescent light. If exact colors are important to the data, balance those colors for use with fluorescent lighting. Also, all colors will be intensified; bright (saturated) colors may become unpleasent to view.
Miscellaneous comments
  • Because a poster is a visual presentation, try to find ways to show what was done - use schematic diagrams, arrows, and other strategies to direct the visual attention of the viewer, rather than explaining it all using text alone (i.e., like the poster with way too much text below).

  • Design the poster to address one central question. State the question clearly in the poster, then use your discussion time with individuals to expand or expound upon issues surrounding that central theme.
  • Provide an explicit take-home message.
  • Summarize implications and conclusions briefly, and in user-friendly language.
  • Give credit where it is due. Have an acknowledgments section, in smaller font size (maybe 14 - 18 point), where you acknowledge contributors and funding organizations.
  • Vary the size and spacing of the poster sections to add visual interest, but do so in moderation.
  • Do not wander too far away from your poster during the session; be available for discussion!

Useful links:

Software and Hardware Options:
Posters can be generated and printed as one large document using a variety of software packages such as Microsoft PowerPoint, Adobe Photoshop, or Canvas. Large-format printers come in various sizes. Our department's printer can handle posters up to 42 inches wide (& length is flexible).

Creating a PowerPoint Poster:
Part 1
Part 2

Making a poster using PowerPoint:

23 Mart 2012 Cuma


www.turkofoni.org tarafından hazırlandı.